Lesson 1: Identifying Inclusions Found in Natural Gems

Step 2: Advanced Gemology

Lesson 9


Crystals are easy to distinguish because they are always angular. Finding a crystal inside a stone usually indicates you are seeing a natural gem. The exceptions are few and easy to learn.

Phenakite crystals show up in flux grown emerald. They are always in low relief and are usually associated with flux veils, which is a primary clue to their identification.

Hexagonal platelets are another item that requires attention. Both hematite and platinum crystallize this way. Hematite in a gem indicates that it is natural in origin; platinum means it is a synthetic.

Occasionally bubbles will take a regular shape, so you need to compare all the information at hand, rather than relying solely on these inclusions to indicate a natural origin. Fortunately, inclusions usually come in groups.

Of special interest are rutile inclusions. They are long, straight and …

Unearth The Secrets Behind The Beauty

Introducing "Discover Gemology" by IGS, the premiere introductory training for those fascinated by the magnificent world of gemology.

  • How to spot the most unique & valuable characteristics of different gemstones
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Course: Discover Gemology: Fundamentals, Tools & Meanings
Purchase Course: $49
Skill Level: beginnner
Lessons: 48
Time: 480 min