Fundamentals of Lapidary

Birdseye view of the cuts, tools and techniques involved in lapidary arts, i.e. cutting or forming gemstones.

Fundamentals of Lapidary

  • Rock Hammer - Cutting Rough Stones
    Lapidary Fundamentals: Cutting Rough Stones

    Step 1: Introduction to Gemology Lesson 13 Back to syllabus Making Smaller Pieces In all fields of lapidary, you’ll need to take large pieces of stone and turn them into useful, smaller sized pieces. If you’re in the field, you…

  • Agates - gemstone tumbling
    Lapidary Fundamentals: Gemstone Tumbling

    Step 1: Introduction to Gemology Lesson 14 Back to syllabus The simplest (and least expensive) lapidary art form to learn is gemstone polishing. The only equipment you need is a tumbler and abrasives, often sold in kits, and…

  • Rhodochrosite - cabochon cutting
    Lapidary Fundamentals: Cabochon Cutting

    The fundamentals of lapidary are easy to learn. It is a hobby that is enjoyed by many people of all ages and circumstances. Fundamentals of Lapidary, Part4.

  • Round Brilliant Opal - gemstone faceting
    Lapidary Fundamentals: Gemstone Faceting

    Step 1: Introduction to Gemology Lesson 16 Back to syllabus Gemstone faceting is a marvelous amalgam of engineering and art. Through a mechanical process of cutting surfaces on a piece of crystal, beautiful gems are created. To…

  • Teardrop turquoise - gem cutting terms
    Guide to Gem Cutting Terms

    Lapidary is the art of working in stone. For some reason though, it is only applied to working with small gem materials and is not extended to large objects, like Michelangelo’s statues.

  • The world of gem cutting has a bewildering vocabulary all its own.  Student gemologists and cutters as well as aficionados of jewelry design can benefit from our glossary of faceting terms.  “InterGem Jewelry Show Shopping” by International Gem and Jewelry Show is licensed under CC By-SA 2.0
    Glossary of Faceting Terms and Definitions 

    This compilation of faceting terms and definitions has been generously provided by International Gem Society (IGS) member Tom Mitchell.  He is the author of Faceting 1, Learn The Fine Art of Gem Faceting, it’s Easy. Acetone A solvent that…

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