Xinjiang jade market
Hotan, Xinjiang, China — October 4, 2017: Uyghur vendors sell jade stones and other minerals at their market stalls in the Jade Bazaar by the Yurungkax river, bargaining with customers hunting for sales. Photo by rweisswald/shutterstock.

Answer: The Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act (UFLPA) directs the US Customs and Border Patrol (CBP) to presume that imports of “any goods, wares, articles, and merchandise mined, produced, or manufactured wholly or in part in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China” were made with forced labor. The importation of such goods into the US is prohibited. This would include Xinjiang nephrite jade. However, importers may “rebut” that presumption. That means they can try to prove that their goods were not made with forced labor and, thus, are exempt.

What Does the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act Do?

In December 2021, President Biden signed the UFLPA. The legislation banned the importation of all goods from Xinjiang, China, where the Chinese government established forced labor camps for Uyghurs, an ethnic minority group, and other Muslim groups. The international community has condemned China for committing genocide in the Xinjiang region. China denies this allegation and asserts that the camps