Brazilianite Value, Price, and Jewelry Information


faceted brazilianite - Corrego Frio, Brazil
Faceted brazilianite, 12.2 cts, 1.9 x 1.0 x 0.7 cm, Corrego Frio mine (type locality), Linopolis, Divino das Laranjeiras, Doce valley, Minas Gerais, Brazil. © Rob Lavinsky, www.iRocks.com. Used with permission.

Brazilianite's lovely green to yellow colors make it a must for gem collectors. Large faceted stones are often flawed, but smaller cut gems can make beautiful jewelry pieces.

Brazilianite Value

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Brazilianite Value via Gem Price Guide
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Brazilianite Information

DataValue
NameBrazilianite
Crystallography Monoclinic. Crystals equant, prismatic, spear-shaped; also striated.
Refractive Index 1.602-1.623
Colors Colorless, pale yellow, yellowish green, greenish.
Luster Vitreous.
Fracture Conchoidal
Hardness 5.5
Specific Gravity 2.980-2.995
Birefringence 0.019-0.021
Cleavage Good 1 direction
Dispersion 0.014
Heat SensitivityYes
Luminescence None
Transparency Translucent to transparent.
Absorption Spectrum Not diagnostic.
FormulaNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Pleochroism Weak, merely a change in shade of color.
Optics α = 1.602; β = 1.609; γ = 1.621-1.623. Biaxial (+), 2V = 71°.
EtymologyAfter Brazil, where the gem was first discovered.
OccurrenceHydrothermal mineral in pegmatitic cavities.
brazilianite - linopolis
Brazilianites on matrix, 10.0 x 7.5 x 7.2 cm, Telirio Mine, Linopolis, Minas Gerais, Brazil. © Rob Lavinsky, www.iRocks.com. Used with permission.

Comments

Discovered in Brazil in 1944, large uncut brazilianite stones reside in many museums. Pieces such as these could yield large gems, but clean faceted gems over 15 carats are a great rarity. They also make stunning crystal specimens.

Yellowish green brazilianite, 2.23 cts, 8.7 x 6.8 x 5.4 mm, cushion cut, Brazil. © ARK Rare Gems. Used with permission.

Sources

Brazil, notably Conselheira Pena, Minas Gerais, remains the principal source of gem quality material in crystals up to large sizes. The Palermo Mine in Grafton, New Hampshire and sites in Yukon, Canada also yield fine but smaller specimens.

brazilianite crystals - Canada
Brazilianites, Rapid Creek, Yukon, Canada. © Rob Lavinsky, www.iRocks.com. Used with permission.

Stone Sizes

Crystals from Brazil range in size up to 12 x 8 cm. Although some large gems have been cut, most gems range from 1-10 carats, or even smaller. Cut stones over 5 carats are scarce today.

brazilianite - New Hampshire
Some of the sharp, yellow brazilianites inside this quartz vug reach 1.1 cm. That’s very large for this locality. The specimen measures 10.8 x 10.3 x 8.9 cm. Palermo Mine, North Groton, New Hampshire, USA. © Rob Lavinsky, www.iRocks.com. Used with permission.
  • American Museum of Natural History (New York): 23 (emerald cut, Brazil), 19 (round, yellow).
  • Smithsonian Institution (Washington, DC): 41.9 and 17.0 (yellow, Brazil).
  • Private Collection: 24 (yellow, Brazil).
Cut brazilianites - 0.78 and 2.00 cts
Cut brazilianites, 0.78 and 2.00 cts. Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. Used with permission.

Care

Heating brazilianite gems up to 140º C/284º F can lead to color loss. Heating up to 300º C/572º F will turn them colorless. A jeweler’s torch will easily reach these temperatures, so be wary if you’re taking a jewelry piece for repairs. Although brazilianites have a moderate hardness, they also have good cleavage and a tendency to fracture. Thus, protective settings and occasional wear are good ideas. Avoid mechanical cleaning such as steam or ultrasonic processes. Instead, use a soft brush, mild detergent, and warm water for cleaning. Consult our gemstone jewelry cleaning guide for more recommendations.

Brazilianite - faceted gems
Brazilianite: Brazil, (3.0, 2.7). Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. Used with permission.