Step 4: Gem Grading

Lesson 15

Why Learn Traditional Diamond Cut Grading Methods?

In 2005, the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) released a new, modern method for evaluating diamond cuts. However, beginning gemologists should learn traditional diamond cut grading for two reasons.

  • You’ll likely come across grading reports that utilize older methods. They’ve been used on thousands of reports that will be around for many years to come.
  • Learning traditional diamond cut grading will show you how to evaluate cuts by eye. When you examine diamonds away from your shop, you’ll need something to fall back on.

The Ideal Cut (May Not be Ideal)

round brilliantThe essential problem of evaluating the cut revolves around determining the ideal cut for a diamond. Today, most experts agree, within a small range, on what an ideal cut is. The closer a cut diamond comes to these ideal proportions, the higher its value per carat. However, among diamond cutters and the public alike, no widespread demand exists for ideal-cut diamonds. Beauty comes first and, indeed, it does lie in the eyes of the beholder, not necessarily in ideal proportions.

When cutting and buying diamonds, cutters and customers must find a compromise between…