rough opalsrough opals

How to Dry Opals Safely

Opals should be handled with care. If you buy opals that have been kept in water, follow these instructions to dry them safely.

1 Minute Read

Question:I happened upon some opal in the raw when I was traveling in Honduras. There were ten pieces in a bottle filled with water. The man who sold them to me said I needed to keep them underwater. I'd like to have the opals shaped and polished for my wife as a present, but I've heard that they can crack if they dry out. I've also heard that silicone can be injected into opals for stability. Will that help?
rough opals
Rough opal pieces. Photo by Deidre Wollard. Licensed under CC By 2.0.

Answer: Opals are very sensitive to sudden changes in temperature. If you purchase opals that have been stored in water, you'll need to dry them slowly.

Opals Have a High Water Content

Before you take your opals to a gem cutter or jewelry maker, you'll have to dry them carefully and slowly. Opals do have significant water content (sometimes as high as 21%). If they dry too quickly they may indeed crack. This is also known as "crazing." That's why they're sometimes kept in water until they can be sold. It relieves the merchant of the responsibility. This is also a way to hide flaws.

Interested in this topic?

This article is also a part of our Opal Specialist Mini Course, in the unit Introduction to Opals and Their Properties.

Buying opals kept in water is not recommended.

Take the opals out of the bottle but don't dry them. Put them in a zip lock bag and then put that somewhere that isn't too hot. Leave them there for six months to a year before taking them to a lapidary or jeweler.

When you store your finished stones, keep them away from sources of heat or cold and store them in soft, moist cotton. It's not necessary to store them in water, oil, or glycerin. Your opals will be fine as long as you don't subject them to sudden changes in temperature or rough handling. You can consult our opal care guide for more information.

Donald Clark, CSM IMG

crystal opal brooch
Crystal opal brooch. Photo by Jessa and Mark Anderson. Licensed under CC by 2.0.

Silicone Treatments

Silicone isn't normally injected into stones. However, people can smear it onto stones and then place them in a vacuum bowl. The vacuum will suck the silicone into the cracks. Although this is a simple enhancement, let a professional conduct it on stones that have already been cut and polished.

Gerald Wykoff, CSM GG

International Gem Society

Never Stop Learning

When you join the IGS community, you get trusted diamond & gemstone information when you need it.

Become a Member

Get Gemology Insights

Get started with the International Gem Society’s free guide to gemstone identification. Join our weekly newsletter & get a free copy of the Gem ID Checklist!