Polariscope Guide, Part 1: Testing Gemstone Refraction
The polariscope is one of gemology’s simplest and most useful tools. With a little practice and our three-part polariscope guide, you’ll soon be able to conduct some fundamental gem identification tests.
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Buying a Polariscope
A polariscope is an inexpensive tool and an essential investment for the gemology student. Read our polariscope review to get a sense of what’s available. You can purchase a polariscope through Amazon or eBay or make one yourself if you follow the instructions below.
Even if you purchase a polariscope, knowing how to assemble one will help you understand how the instrument works.
Build Your Own Polariscope
A polariscope consists of three elements: a light source and two pieces of polarizing material, one fixed and one rotating.
For high-quality polarizing filters, look for those designed for photography. For something quick and inexpensive, you can even use lenses from an old pair of sunglasses.
Types of Polarizing Filters
There are two types of polarizing filters: linear and circular. The linear type is easier to use. However, both types will work.
If you don’t know which you have, put two filters together. Then, hold them up to the light, look through them, and rotate one. The light...
Donald Clark, CSM IMG
The late Donald Clark, CSM founded the International Gem Society in 1998. Donald started in the gem and jewelry industry in 1976. He received his formal gemology training from the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) and the American Society of Gemcutters (ASG). The letters “CSM” after his name stood for Certified Supreme Master Gemcutter, a designation of Wykoff’s ASG which has often been referred to as the doctorate of gem cutting. The American Society of Gemcutters only had 54 people reach this level. Along with dozens of articles for leading trade magazines, Donald authored the book “Modern Faceting, the Easy Way.”
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