Destructive Gemstone Tests: Scratch Testing
Gemstone scratch testing can help determine the Mohs hardness value of a mineral sample. Learn how to conduct this destructive gem test safely.
2 Minute Read
Scratch testing (or hardness testing) is one of the most destructive gemstone tests. Never perform a scratch test on a finished stone. This can fracture or shatter the gem, even if tested on an inconspicuous area.
Gem rough can be scratch tested, but caution is needed. Keep in mind that the rough may have incipient fractures that can’t be seen or internal stress that will open up easily to pressure. For these reasons, scratch testing should only be performed on small protrusions. Whenever possible, saw a piece off of the main rough stone for testing.
What Tools Do You Need for Scratch Testing?
Scratch testing requires a set of pencils or rods with ends of known Mohs hardness value. You can buy hardness sets or make your own. Get some wood dowels about the size of a pencil. Attach small, sharp pieces of synthetic corundum, topaz, and quartz to the ends of individual dowels and label them 9, 8, and 7, respectively. For a more complete set, you can add feldspar and apatite, 6 and 5, respectively.
You don’t need any other points because minerals with the same…
Donald Clark, CSM IMG
The late Donald Clark, CSM founded the International Gem Society in 1998. Donald started in the gem and jewelry industry in 1976. He received his formal gemology training from the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) and the American Society of Gemcutters (ASG). The letters “CSM” after his name stood for Certified Supreme Master Gemcutter, a designation of Wykoff’s ASG which has often been referred to as the doctorate of gem cutting. The American Society of Gemcutters only had 54 people reach this level. Along with dozens of articles for leading trade magazines, Donald authored the book “Modern Faceting, the Easy Way.”
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