Several manufacturers create synthetic beryls in all their various colors. These include emeralds (green), morganites (pink), bixbites (red), and aquamarines (blue to blue-green). However, only two manufacturers — Tairus and Malossi — grow synthetic aquamarines regularly.
The Hydrothermal Growth Technique
The gems are grown in a sealed, pressure-resistant container called a crucible. The inner walls of the crucible are coated with platinum or gold. Next, the manufacturers fill the crucible with pure water and the chemicals required for aquamarine formation (mainly, beryllium oxide, aluminum oxide, and silica, with a small amount of iron and other elements). A natural, colorless beryl (or a synthetic crystal from a previous growth) is then immersed in the solution. This will act as the seed for the aquamarine’s growth.
An electrical charge is used to gradually heat the strongly sealed crucible. As a result, the high heat (approximately 700 to 1,100° F/371 to 593° C) creates extreme pressure (55 to 70 Bar) inside the container. At this point, the molecules of the chemical ingredients break down into their atomic components and dissolve…