Top Spots for Gem Hunting in the US
Visit one of the top gem hunting spots in the US. Go alone or with the family. A gemology-themed vacation...
5 Minute Read
Grab your gear and head to one of these prominent US destinations. You could find gemstones worth thousands of dollars where you never imagined treasure lies. A gem hunting trip is a great way for beginners to learn about gemology, especially kids.
Before You Go Gem Hunting
Before traveling to any of these sites, please confirm their dates and times of operation as well as their rules and guidelines by visiting their websites or calling ahead.
Emerald Hollow Mine, Hiddenite, North Carolina
Find glittering, gorgeous emeralds in Hiddenite, only about an hour’s drive from Winston-Salem, NC. The Emerald Hollow Mine is home to the only emerald mine in the United States open for public treasure hunting. You can check out findings from the mine at sluiceways or do your own prospecting, digging, and hunting for a small fee.
Although known mostly for its emeralds, the 70-acre site can also yield sapphire, tourmaline, garnet, topaz, and aquamarine. (The town of Hiddenite was named in 1913 after the gemstone hiddenite, a rare variety of spodumene discovered in the area). Open year-round, the mine boasts gorgeous scenery, too.
Crater of Diamonds State Park, Murfreesboro, Arkansas
Want to mine for diamonds? Murfreesboro is the place to go. The Crater of Diamonds State Park, 120 miles from Little Rock, AR, is the only existing mine where visitors can prospect for diamonds and keep their findings. Stay at the park campsite and enjoy wildlife and natural scenery as well as some sparkling stones.
You’ll see diamonds everywhere, even laying in the dirt, but you can rent equipment at the park for deeper digging. Once you have a pan of stones, head over to the office so an appraiser can check your stash to see how much your sparklers are worth. So far, visitors to the park have found well over 30,000 diamonds, including a 16-carat beauty in 1975, so your chances of landing a stone are high. As with other diamond deposits, most of the stones are small and included, but some fine gems have been found here.
In June, 2015, an 8.52-carat diamond was discovered at Crater of Diamonds. With an estimated value of $1 million, it's the most valuable diamond ever mined in the US. Read more about this unique diamond named "Esperanza."
Gem Mountain, Spruce Pine, North Carolina
Looking for aquamarines? Head to Spruce Pine’s own Gem Mountain. The Blue Ridge Mountains are the perfect place to prospect for the beautiful blue stones as well as rubies and moonstones. Onsite gemologists can inspect your findings to see if they’re the real deal, and lapidaries can spruce up and turn your gems into pieces of jewelry before you head home.
Cherokee Ruby & Sapphire Mine, Franklin, North Carolina
The price of admission is low, and the fun level is high, so make it a family outing. The mine is open for gem hunting to the public from April through October. The backdrop of the Blue Ridge Mountains will make it a beautiful summer vacation.
Please note: Cherokee Ruby & Sapphire Mine was closed in 2021 due to COVID restrictions. However, the owners hope to reopen for the 2022 season. Please confirm its status through their website before visiting.
Gem Mountain Sapphire Mine, Philipsburg, Montana
One of the most beautiful states in the country, Montana also makes a great destination for gem hunting. Check out Gem Mountain Sapphire Mine for some stellar prospecting. What will you find when you sift through the dirt and gravel at Gem Mountain? Sapphires — and lots of them.
The staff will help you clean your gems and assess them, so you’ll know which stones are worth saving and possibly turning into wearable pieces. You can also purchase sapphire gravel to take home or ready-made jewelry designs featuring the gorgeous Montana sapphires.
Morefield Mine, Amelia, Virginia
There are mining opportunities here for all skill levels. Prospectors can use the sluicing technique or collect from the mine dumps. The Morefield Mine has its own exhibit of stones onsite as well as one at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC.
Rainbow Ridge Opal Mine, Virgin Valley, Nevada
Colorful and unusual, opal is an eye-catching gem. Mine your own at the Rainbow Ridge Opal Mine. This mine has produced very valuable stones, some worth upwards of $50,000. Bring tools and buckets. You’ll be doing some serious digging to get to the treasure here, but your hard work could pay off. The mine is open from May to September.
Bonanza Opal Mine, Denio, Nevada
Crystal Grove Diamond Mine, St. Johnsville, New York
New York is home to Broadway shows, plenty of shopping, Times Square, and the Statue of Liberty, but did you know New York state is a great place to mine for gemstones? Crystal Grove Diamond Mine is the place to go to find Herkimer diamonds, beautiful quartz crystals that are fun to mine. These crystals were first discovered in New York, and the perfect clarity of some of these stones makes them very popular with gem hunters.
You can rent or bring your own prospecting tools. For big embedded crystals, you may need a chisel or hammer to break them out of the rocks. It’s worth the effort.
More Gem Hunting Sites Open to the Public
Staurolite gems can form in natural cross shapes that have inspired numerous legends. You can pick these so-called “fairy stones” or “fairy crosses” right off the ground in Fairy Stone State Park in Stuart, Virginia.
Currently closed due to COVID restrictions, Jackson's Crossroads Amethyst Mine in Wilkes County, Georgia produces amethysts with beautiful purple colors and red and blue flashes. Please contact the mine through its website for more information.
Gem Hunting Alternatives
Want to take a gem-themed vacation but not really into the outdoors? There are numerous gem shows throughout the US where you can do your gem hunting indoors (or at least in the shade).
- Every February, the Tucson Gem and Mineral Show in Arizona attracts visitors from around the world.
- Quartzsite, Arizona also hosts a well-known annual gem show from January to February.
- Denver, Colorado hosts an annual Gem and Mineral Showcase with many diverse offerings.
About the Author
Donald Clark, CSM founded the International Gem Society in 1998. Donald started in the gem and jewelry industry in 1976. He received his formal gemology training from the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) and the American Society of Gemcutters (ASG). The letters "CSM" after his name stood for Certified Supreme Master Gemcutter, a designation of Wykoff's ASG which has often been referred to as the doctorate of gem cutting. The American Society of Gemcutters only had 54 people reach this level. Along with dozens of articles for leading trade magazines, Donald authored the book "Modern Faceting, the Easy Way."
The International Gem Society (IGS) is the world's top resource for gem professionals, enthusiasts, and industry email@example.com