Agate Value, Price, and Jewelry Information


Agate, Mexico, “Fortification Agate” (a picture agate with a pattern that resembles a fortress), Slab ~ 4 inches across. Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. Used with permission.

Agate is a variety of chalcedony, a cryptocrystalline form of quartz. Translucency, patterns of color, or moss-like inclusions may distinguish this stone from other forms of chalcedony. Agates can show a wide variety of vivid, multiple colors. These are principally the result of traces of oxides of iron, manganese, titanium, chromium, nickel, and other elements. All agates take a wonderful polish and are tough enough for most jewelry uses. Designers often take advantage of the intriguing patterns these stones have to offer to create unique and fascinating pieces.

Agate Value

In general, agate values are quite modest. Their prices reflect mainly labor and artistry rather than the value of the material itself. Agates of large size or with particularly distinctive, fine, or landscape-like color patterns are at a premium. Custom cut pieces or stones from collectible locations would be substantially more expensive.

The International Gem Society (IGS) has a list of businesses offering gemstone appraisal services.

Agate Value via Gem Price Guide
Cabochons All Sizes
Agate $.50 to /ct
Fire Agate to /ct
Blue Chalcedony to /ct

See the entire Gem Price Guide.

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Agate Information

DataValue
NameAgate
Is a Variety ofChalcedony
VarietiesFire Agate, Iris Agate
Crystallography Hexagonal, cryptocrystalline
Refractive Index 1.530 to 1.543
Colors All
Luster Greasy, waxy
Polish Luster Greasy to vitreous
Fracture Luster Dull to waxy
Fracture Uneven
Hardness 6.5 to 7
Toughness Good
Specific Gravity 2.60 to 2.64
Birefringence Up to 0.004
Cleavage None
Dispersion None
Luminescence Fluorescence varies with bands. Somewhat strong: yellow, blue-white
Enhancements Dyeing (common, stable).
Transparency Usually translucent. Occasionally transparent or opaque.
Absorption Spectrum Dyed green gems show weak lines at 6450 and 6700 nm. Others not diagnostic.
Phenomena Iridescence
FormulaSiO2
EtymologyFrom the Ancient Greek Achates, the name of a river in southwestern Sicily where the material was found.
OccurrenceNodules

Varieties of Agate

The color patterns in agates usually take the form of flat or concentric layers or bands. Mossy or dendritic inclusions can sometimes create the impression of vegetation and landscapes.  Varieties of this gemstone are described by their color patterns, inclusions, or source.

Banded

With regular color layers and bright colors, this variety is one of the most popular. These stones are found all around the world, but Brazil is one of the most productive sources. Many of the richly colored, banded agates you see for sale are dyed.

This banded agate specimen is one inch (2.5 cm) wide. “Agate Banded 750 pix” by Adrian Pingstone. Public Domain.
This banded agate specimen is one inch (2.5 cm) wide. “Agate Banded 750 pix” by Adrian Pingstone. Public Domain.

Moss, Plume, and Dendritic

These stones contain mossy inclusions of mineral oxides that may be any color. Stones that present plant-like patterns are called moss agates. Those with feather-like patterns are called plume agates. Those with tree-like, branching patterns are called dendritic agates.

“Moss Agate” by Nicole Pellegrini is licensed under CC By 2.0
“Moss Agate 3” by Nicole Pellegrini is licensed under CC By 2.0

Picture or Scenic

Some inclusions can create the appearance of whole landscapes, complete with lakes, shorelines, trees, and shrubs, within an agate. Stones that show these “natural pictures” are treasured.

Fire

Inclusions of plate-like crystals of limonite make fire agates iridescent. Cutting and polishing can enhance this effect.

“Fire Agate Flickr Eyes” by Jessa and Mark Anderson is licensed under CC By 2.0

Lace

Noted for their delicate designs, these stones are banded with intricate swirls and loops. Mexico is one of the premier sources of this material.

Lace agates with red bands are considered rare. “Two Missouri Lace Agates.” © Cara Williams, Stone Group Labs. Used with permission.
Lace agates with red bands are considered rare. “Two Missouri Lace Agates.” © Cara Williams, Stone Group Labs. Used with permission.

Iris

These stones show iridescent colors reflecting from between the color layers.

Shell

Embedded, silicified shells create patterns in these agates. Turritella agate is composed mostly of shells and shell fragments of the gastropod turritella and certain other species.

The spiral shells in this specimen of “turritella agate” are actually from another species of mollusk. However, the name is still commonly applied to this variety. “'Turritella Agate' (chertified fossiliferous lacustrine limestone) (Laney Member, Green River Formation, Middle Eocene; North Barrel Springs Draw, south of Wamsutter, Wyoming, USA) 4” by James St. John is licensed under CC By 2.0
The spiral shells in this specimen of “turritella agate” are actually from another species of mollusk. However, the name is still commonly applied to this variety. “‘Turritella Agate’ (chertified fossiliferous lacustrine limestone) (Laney Member, Green River Formation, Middle Eocene; North Barrel Springs Draw, south of Wamsutter, Wyoming, USA) 4” by James St. John is licensed under CC By 2.0

Petrified Wood

Fossilized ancient tree trunks and limbs may have their organic components replaced by agate stone over millions of years. In some cases, their woody structure may also be preserved and visible with a microscope. The agate’s color may be very bright and strong.

Synthetics

For information on synthetic quartz in general, consult the quartz gem listing.

Enhancements

Dyeing is an ancient and common practice for enhancing agates. (Chalcedony stones are relatively porous). This is usually a stable process.

A celebrated secret process for dyeing agates was developed in Idar-Oberstein, Germany, in the 19th century. When the agate deposits in this town were depleted, emigrants to South America shipped grey agates back to Idar-Oberstein. These pieces were dyed and the results were extraordinary.

Dyeing enhancements should be disclosed to consumers.

agate in various colors
Polished, commercially dyed agate stones. “Agates Varying Colours” by Teerui. Public Domain.

Sources

  • Moss agates: India; Scotland; United States Northwest.
  • Scenic agates: Yellowstone National Park; Wyoming; Montana.
  • Banded agates: Brazil; Uruguay; Madagascar; Mexico; United States.
  • Lace agate: Mexico; Arizona; Namibia.
  • Fire agates: Mexico.
  • Petrified wood: Arizona; New Mexico; California; Washington; Oregon; various European countries; many other localities.

Stone Sizes

Agates are usually nodular, but masses can be several pounds and many inches in diameter.

akik stones agate
“Akik (also Hakeek or Agate) stones and rings sold at the apex of Jabal ar-Rahmah (also Mount Arafat) in Makkah” by Kerina Yin. Public Domain.