Step 3: Practical Gemology
Additionally, ultraviolet testing can expose some gemstone treatments and assembled stones. The enhanced layers of diffusion-treated gems, oils used as fillers in emeralds and other gems, and the components of assembled stones often have different fluorescent qualities than the rest of the specimen material. Seeing this at an early stage of your examination can save time later.
A Warning About Ultraviolet Testing
Never look at your ultraviolet (UV) light. Shortwave (SW) UV light can damage your eyes, even to the point of blindness. If you’re ever unsure if your UV light source is on, check the switch. Better yet, a flame-fusion ruby will tell you instantly if the light is on or not.
Ultraviolet Testing Tools
Just beyond the visible light spectrum lies infrared and UV light. For gem identification, we use longwave (LW) light, 315 to 400 nm, and SW light, 200 to 280 nm. The range in between isn’t used.
For gem testing purposes, you need lights that will show the LW and SW independent of each other. You can buy these as separate units or a single unit that switches from one to the other.