Distinguishing Diamonds: Educating Your Eyes
Distinguishing diamonds from their lookalikes requires educated eyes. Learn what visual features to look for and the properties of many popular imitations.
14 Minute Read
In theory, you can distinguish a diamond simply by looking at it. No other gem has properties that exactly match a diamond’s. However, this becomes difficult when examining set stones. Often, you can’t see enough to make an accurate assessment. In addition, today’s simulants imitate diamond’s appearance much more closely.
Distinguishing Diamonds by Their Appearance
You can’t make a positive diamond identification with your eyes alone. Nevertheless, the following features will often tell you if a gem is a diamond or not. Gemologists must educate their eyes by looking at many gems. You won’t always be in your lab when presented with a prospective diamond.
Look for these features as you examine diamonds and other gemstones.
The ability to separate white light into rainbow hues, dispersion is one of diamond’s most endearing qualities. How much dispersion, or fire, you see from a gem depends on its optical properties and cut. Although not all diamonds show the same amount of fire, the majority behave within a limited range.
Other gems usually show much more or much less dispersion. As you become familiar with diamonds, you’ll learn to distinguish quickly gems that have too much dispersion, like cubic zirconia…
Donald Clark, CSM IMG
The late Donald Clark, CSM founded the International Gem Society in 1998. Donald started in the gem and jewelry industry in 1976. He received his formal gemology training from the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) and the American Society of Gemcutters (ASG). The letters “CSM” after his name stood for Certified Supreme Master Gemcutter, a designation of Wykoff’s ASG which has often been referred to as the doctorate of gem cutting. The American Society of Gemcutters only had 54 people reach this level. Along with dozens of articles for leading trade magazines, Donald authored the book “Modern Faceting, the Easy Way.”
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