Hureaulite Value, Price, and Jewelry Information

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“Hureaulite,” Jocao Mine, Galileia, Doce valley, Minas Gerais, Brazil. © Rob Lavinsky, Used with permission.

Hureaulite can show rich and lively pink, rose, and orange colors. However, this collector’s gem is rarely cut.

Hureaulite Information

Data Value
Name Hureaulite
Crystallography Monoclinic. Crystals prismatic up to 3 cm, tabular; massive; compact.
Refractive Index 1.637-1.663
Colors Pale rose, violet-rose, yellowish, red-orange, orange-red, brownish orange, yellowish to reddish brown, gray, colorless.
Luster Vitreous to greasy.
Hardness 3.5
Fracture Uneven
Specific Gravity 3.19
Birefringence 0.012
Cleavage Good 1 direction
Luminescence None.
Luminescence Present No
Transparency Transparent to translucent
Absorption Spectrum Not diagnostic.
Formula Mn5(PO4)2[(PO3)(OH)]2 · 4H2O.
Pleochroism Colorless/pale rose to yellow/reddish yellow-brown.
Optics a = 1.637-1.652; β = 1.645-1.658; γ = 1.649-1.663. Biaxial (-), 2V= 75°.
Optic Sign Biaxial -
Etymology After the type locality, Les Hureaux, France.
Occurrence In phosphate masses in granite pegmatites.
hureaulite - Pala California

Hureaulite: Pala County, California (~3 inches across). Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. Used with permission.


With a hardness of 3.5, hureaulite is too soft for jewelry use. Massive material can yield cabochons, although these are seldom cut.

The hureaulite mineral group encompasses this manganese phosphate material as well as chongite, miguelromeroite, nyholmite, sainfeldite, and villyaellenite. Researchers have determined that a red mineral formerly known as palaite from Pala, California is only a variety of hureaulite.


Hydrothermal processes have produced crystals of synthetic material for chemical research purposes. However, no commercial jewelry use for these synthesized hureaulites is known.


Although gem-quality crystals are rare, many sites worldwide produce this mineral.

Notable gem-quality sources include:

  • United States: Pala, California (orange masses); Branchville, Connecticut; North Groton, New Hampshire; South Dakota.
  • Brazil; Haute Vienne, France; Germany; Poland; Portugal.
hureaulite - Germany

“Hureaulite-114927,” Hagendorf South Pegmatite (Cornelia Mine; Hagendorf South Open Cut), Hagendorf, Waidhaus, Vohenstrauß, Oberpfälzer Wald, Upper Palatinate, Bavaria, Germany, by Christian Rewitzer. Licensed under CC By-SA 3.0.

Stone Sizes

To date, no faceted gems are known. However, facetable material likely exists. One day, adventurous gem cutters will try their hands at it.


You’re more likely to find hureaulites, if at all, in mineral collections than in jewelry collections. Jewelry use isn’t recommended.

Avoid exposing this very soluble material to any solutions containing acids.

Consult our Gemstone Jewelry Cleaning Guide for care recommendations.

hureaulite - palaite

“Hureaulite In Phosphate Nodule (Palaite),” Stewart Mine, Tourmaline Queen Mountain, Pala District, San Diego Co., California, USA. A beautiful example of a gem once thought to be “palaite.” This nodule has an outer layer of sicklerite and an inner hureaulite core. © Rob Lavinsky, Used with permission.

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