How to Re-Polish a Refractometer Hemicylinder

The glass used to make refractometer hemicylinders is susceptible to tarnish. Here's a step-by-step guide for re-polishing a refractometer hemicylinder.

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Question:I purchased a used GIA Duplex II refractometer. The hemicylinder was scratched. I had a Graduate Gemologist take a look at it for me. The report was that it's usable but a little fuzzy. When I look into my lens, I see a black bar that rises and lowers as I move my head in an up/down motion. But I never see a green line, faded or fuzzy. Here's my dilemma: do I have someone else look at the instrument, find somewhere to have the refractometer hemicylinder repaired, or purchase another refractometer in better shape?


Answer: The refractometer hemicylinder or hemisphere can oxidize over time and interfere with refractive index readings. Fortunately, removing the tarnish isn't difficult.

Removing Tarnish From a Refractometer Hemicylinder

I had a similar problem after buying a used GIA Duplex II refractometer for my business. The problem you're experiencing is common, because the high lead content of the glass makes the refractometer hemicylinder surface susceptible to tarnish.

To remedy this, you'll need to re-polish the hemicylinder. This is easier than it sounds. You'll need some common supplies for lapidaries and about 15 minutes.

  • Mix a small amount of cerium oxide with distilled water to make a thick paste. (The trick is to keep the liquid level low. Too much water and you'll have a whole new set of problems).
  • Take a piece of cotton, like an old T-shirt, dab it in the paste, and transfer some of the mixture to the refractometer hemicylinder. (Try to avoid the edges).
  • Begin by rubbing the surface of the hemicylinder in a circular motion. This will remove the tarnish or oxidation very slowly. (Rubbing in a circular motion avoids directional scratches).
  • Continue polishing for about 5 to 6 minutes.
  • Wipe the refractometer hemicylinder clean with a clean piece of cloth.

Obviously, it's been a while since your refractometer was last polished, so you might have to re-polish the surface of your hemicylinder three or four times before you remove all the tarnish and get a crystal-clear reading. Basically, you're polishing the glass much like you would a gemstone, so be patient and thorough.

I recommend re-polishing the refractometer hemicylinder every six months to keep your readings accurate. Gemologists do this on a regular basis to get a sharp, clear dilation line for accurate measurements.

Douglas LeGrand, GG

A Sign of Possible Oxidation on Your Refractometer Cylinder

One indication of possible oxidation on the table of your refractometer cylinder is if you can see any rainbow banding on its surface. This isn't a guarantee that it's oxidized, however. (Editor's note: rainbow colors may also indicate the presence of extraneous light).

Roy Auerbach

green shade cutoff - refractometer hemicylinder
The green line or green shade cutoff appears between the light and dark part of the scale. The green line marks the refractive index reading. This refractometer is a Duplex II.

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