The World’s Largest EmeraldsThe World’s Largest Emeralds

Emerald Specialist Mini Course

The World’s Largest Emeralds

Emeralds are notorious for growing extremely large. These examples are some of the world's largest emeralds! If you know of something missing from the list, please contact us.

Purchase Emerald Specialist Mini Course

Are you entranced by emerald greens? If this velvety gem draws your attention, you’ll love this course. Take an in-depth look at emeralds, from how they form to how to appraise them. Looking to buy or sell an emerald? Learn about treatments and evaluating emerald quality. Every emerald connoisseur will learn something new in this course.
Emerald Unguentarium
The Emerald Unguentarium. Photo by thisisbossi. Licensed under CC By-SA 2.5.

The Largest Named Emeralds

The Emerald Unguentarium

The Emerald Unguentarium, a 2,860-ct (20.18 oz) emerald vase carved in 1641, is on display in the Imperial Treasury, Vienna, Austria.

The Catalina Emerald

Formerly known as "1492," the Catalina Emerald sculpture consists of a 1,550-ct carved emerald held by a bronze statue of an indigenous woman, wearing a 18k yellow gold crown with over 27 carats of diamonds and standing on an intarsia base made from lapis lazuli, malachite, gold-veined quartz, and sugilite.

The Guinness Emerald Crystal

The Guinness Emerald Crystal, a 1,759-ct (12.4 oz) uncut emerald from the Cosquez mines in Colombia, resides in the collection of the Bank of the Republic of Colombia.

The Duke of Devonshire

A 1,383.93-ct (9.76 oz) uncut emerald from Muzo, Colombia, the Duke of Devonshire now resides in "The Vault" at the Natural History Museum, London, UK.

emeralds - Duke of Devonshire Emerald
The Duke of Devonshire Emerald. Photo by Geni. Licensed under CC By-SA 4.0.

The Isabella Emerald

The Isabella Emerald, a 964-ct (6.80 oz) cut emerald, is owned by Archeological Discovery Ventures, LLC. You can learn more about the history behind this shipwrecked emerald in our article on famous emeralds.

The Gachalá Emerald

The Gachalá Emerald is an 858-ct (6.05 oz) uncut emerald from Colombia. It now resides in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC.

Gachalá Emerald
The Gachalá Emerald. Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. Used with permission.

The Empress Caroline

The Empress Caroline, an 858-ct (6.05 oz) uncut emerald from Hiddenite, NC, is privately owned.

The Patricia Emerald

The Patricia Emerald, discovered in Colombia in 1920 and named after the mine owner's daughter, is a 632-ct (4.46 oz) uncut emerald. It resides in the American Museum of Natural History in New York City.

The Mogul Mughal Emerald

Mogul Mughal Emerald
The Mogul Mughal Emerald. Photo by Fjgdh5. Licensed under CC By-SA 4.0.

The Mogul Mughal Emerald, a 217.80-ct (1.54 oz) carved emerald, sold at Christie's for $2.2 million in 2001. It now resides in the Museum of Islamic Art, Doha, Qatar.

The Sacred Emerald Buddha

Carved from a 3,600-ct (25.4 oz) African emerald in 2006, the Sacred Emerald Buddha statue weighs 2,620-ct (18.48 oz).

Unnamed Emeralds

  • A 7,052-ct (3.1 lb) uncut emerald crystal from Colombia, privately owned and considered priceless.
  • A 1,965-ct (13.9 oz) uncut Russian emerald, on display at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County.
  • A 1,861.90-ct (13.13 oz) uncut and unnamed emerald from Hiddenite, NC, privately owned. Discovered in 2003, this is currently the largest known emerald discovered in North America.
  • Five unnamed large emerald crystals from Muzo, Colombia, stored in the vault of the Bank of the Republic of Colombia, weigh from 220 cts (1.55 oz) to 1,796 cts (12.67 oz).
  • Fred Leighton sold a 430-ct (3.03 oz) carved Mughal emerald for several million dollars.
  • The al-Sabah Collection from Kuwait features many beautiful emeralds, including a 398-ct (2.79 oz) emerald in hexagonal form and a 235-ct (1.66 oz) emerald bead.
  • An emerald, gold and enamel 17th-century Mughal wine cup (7 cm) sold at Christie's for £1.79 million in 2003.
  • A 161.20-ct (1.14 oz) carved Mughal emerald fetched $1.09 million at Christie's in 1999.

More of the World's Largest Emeralds

The Bahia Emerald

The Bahia Emerald, an 840 lb. stone discovered in Bahia, Brazil in 2001, reportedly contains over 180,000 cts of emeralds, approximately 79.38 lb. That includes the largest single shard of emerald ever found, described as "the size of a man's thigh." The events and personalities involved with this gemstone since its discovery have inspired much speculation, and its ownership is currently in dispute.

The LKA and Stephenson Emeralds

When the LKA Emerald was unearthed in 1984 in the Hiddenite area of North Carolina, it was considered the largest intact emerald found in North America. At 1,686.3 cts, it currently ranks as the 2nd largest. The name "LKA" comes from the company that owned the mine at the time. The Stephenson Emerald, found in the same region in 1969, weighs 1,438 cts. This stone was named after John A. D. Stephenson, a 19th century researcher of Hiddenite-area gems. In the 1990s, the American Museum of Natural History displayed both these gems.

LKA and Stephenson - largest emeralds
The LKA Emerald (left) and the Stephenson Emerald (Right), previously known as the "Finger Emerald," after its discover, Michael "Butch" Finger. © Tony Wright, Used with permission.

Jeffery Bergman, SSEF SGC

Jeffery Bergman, SSEF SGC, founder and director of 8th Dimension Gems in Thailand, is an American gem dealer with more than 40 years of experience in gemstone and fine jewelry mining, cutting, wholesaling and retailing. His career has taken him to more than 50 countries and every continent except Antarctica. He has appeared on the BBC, CNN, NBC, ABC and GEO; and has been featured in Time, USA Today, National Geographic, Gems & Gemology and Discovery Channel magazine. He is a regular guest speaker at gem lab seminars and gemological association conferences and universities.

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