Enigma diamondEnigma diamond

Sotheby’s Sells 555.55-ct Enigma Diamond for $4.3m

Sotheby’s sold the 55-sided, 555.55-ct Enigma diamond for $4.3 million. It’s the largest natural black diamond and largest cut diamond in the world.

1 Minute Read

HomeLearning CenterGemologyGem and Jewelry NewsSotheby’s Sells 555.55-ct Enigma Diamond for $4.3m

Sotheby's sold the 555.55-ct black diamond named the Enigma for £3,161,000/$4,292,322. Notably, the buyer opted to pay for the purchase with cryptocurrency.
Enigma diamond
LONDON, ENGLAND - FEBRUARY 04: A member of the Sotheby's auction house team holds the 55-sided, 555.55-ct Enigma diamond. (Photo by Leon Neal/Getty Images)

Sotheby's describes the Enigma as a fancy, natural color black diamond with 55 facets. It further states that the Enigma is the largest fancy black natural diamond in the world as of 2004 and the largest cut diamond in the world as of 2006. Experts speculate that the Enigma diamond came from an asteroid.

The seller reports to Sotheby's that the rough, purchased in the late 1990s, weighed over 800 carats. It then took three years to facet the stone into a design inspired by the Hamsa. This Middle Eastern palm symbol represents blessings, power, and strength and also offers protection from the evil eye. 

Although Sotheby's does state that the Enigma is a rare carbonado, most media are reporting the Enigma as a black diamond. However, black diamonds and carbonados are different. A carbonado is more accurately described as a polycrystalline or aggregate material of amorphous carbon, graphite, and diamond. This aggregate material possesses greater durability than diamond and has primarily industrial uses.

The origin of carbonados also differs from that of diamonds. Unlike diamonds, carbonados never occur in igneous kimberlite rock formed deep within the Earth. Instead, they occur in alluvial, sedimentary deposits. The micro-diamonds present in carbonado (typically smaller than 20 microns or 20 millionths of a meter) lack traces of minerals found deep in the Earth's mantle, typical of other diamonds. However, they do possess traces of nitrogen, hydrogen, and osbornite (a mineral otherwise found only in meteors). This suggests carbonados originated in outer space, which supports expert speculation that the Enigma originated from an asteroid.

Never Stop Learning

When you join the IGS community, you get trusted diamond & gemstone information when you need it.

Become a Member

Get Gemology Insights

Get started with the International Gem Society’s free guide to gemstone identification. Join our weekly newsletter & get a free copy of the Gem ID Checklist!