Anglesite Value, Price, and Jewelry Information

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This Portuguese-cut, rich, lemon-yellow anglesite was custom cut by Spectrum Award winner Mark Kaufman. 62.27 cts, 24.0 x 17.0 x 11.0 mm, Touissit, Oujda-Angad Province, Oriental Region, Morocco. © Rob Lavinsky, www.iRocks.com. Used with permission.

Although anglesites with pale colors can show great dispersion and brightness, they’re difficult to cut and inadvisable to wear. Faceted pieces are true rarities, seldom seen except in very complete gem collections.

Anglesite Value

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Faceted

10 carat plus
Faceted
to /ct
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Anglesite Information

Data Value
Name Anglesite
Crystallography Orthorhombic. Crystals usually tabular, prismatic; granular; massive; stalactitic.
Refractive Index 1.877-1.894
Colors Colorless, white, yellowish gray, lemon to golden yellow, brownish orange, pale green, and blueish shades.
Luster Adamantine to vitreous
Hardness 2.5-3
Wearability Poor
Fracture Conchoidal
Specific Gravity 6.30-6.39; usually 6.38.
Birefringence 0.017
Cleavage Good 1 direction
Dispersion 0.044
Heat Sensitivity Yes
Luminescence Weak yellowish fluorescence in SW and LW
Luminescence Present Yes
Luminescence Type Fluorescent, UV-Long, UV-Short
Enhancements Bleaching
Transparency Transparent to opaque
Absorption Spectrum Not diagnostic
Formula PbSO4
Pleochroism

None

Optics α = 1.877; β = 1.883; γ = 1.894. Biaxial (+), 2V ~ 75°.
Optic Sign Biaxial +
Etymology Named after the type locality, the Isle of Anglesey, Wales, UK.
Occurrence Secondary mineral in lead deposits, formed by oxidation of galena (PbS).
Faceted Anglesites - Tsumeb, Namibia

Anglesite: Tsumeb, Namibia (16.1, 16.2). Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. Used with permission.

What is Anglesite?

Where anglesite occurs massively, it serves as a lead ore. This is its principal use.

Does Anglesite Make a Good Jewelry Stone?

Anglesite’s fire or dispersion equals that of diamond (0.044). If properly faceted, this gem can also show magnificent brilliance. However, gem cutters rarely facet this material for jewelry use. Its hardness only ranges from 2.5 to 3, and its crystals have good cleavage. This makes faceting difficult. Furthermore, anglesites contain lead. When cutting this material, faceters should avoid accidentally ingesting or inhaling particles and wash their hands.

Since such a soft stone can be scratched very easily, which can release small particles of the gem, jewelry use is not recommended. Reserve anglesites for display in mineral or gem collections.

anglesite - Namibia

Anglesite: Namibia (3). Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. Used with permission.

How Can You Identify Anglesites?

Anglesite’s specific gravity (SG) of 6.30 to 6.39 places it among the densest gem materials. Testing for SG can usually distinguish it from gems of similar appearance. However, two other rarely faceted collector’s gemstones have a comparable range of colors, hardness, and SG. Like anglesite, cerussite and phosgenite can be colorless as well as white, grayish, yellowish, or greenish. Their fluorescence under ultraviolet light (UV) can also appear yellowish.

Comparison of Selected Physical and Optical Properties of Anglesite, Cerussite, and Phosgenite

Hardness SG Fluorescence in UV Refractive Index Optic Character
Anglesite 2.5-3 6.30-6.39 Weak yellowish. a = 1.877; b = 1.883; γ = 1.894 Biaxial (+)
Cerussite 3-3.5 6.55 Can be yellow in LW. Pale blue/green in SW. a = 1.804; b = 2.076; γ = 2.079 Biaxial (-)
Phosgenite 2-3 6.13 Strong yellowish. o = 2.114-2.118; e = 2.140-2.145 Uniaxial (+)

A refractive index and an optic character reading with a refractometer and/or polariscope may be the most effective way to distinguish these gems. However, keep in mind that phosgenite may be anomalously biaxial. Some greenish phosgenites may show weak pleochroism, while anglesite has none.

Cut Anglesites - Brazil

Cut anglesites, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Gem cutting by Afonso Marques. Photo by Eurico Zimbres. Licensed under CC By-SA 3.0.

Are There Synthetic Anglesites?

Laboratories have synthesized anglesite crystals for geological research. However, there is no known use of this material for jewelry purposes.

Enhancements

In the early 1980s, amber-red anglesites from Touissit, Morocco were found to be the result of bleaching colorless and pale yellow crystal specimens. This treatment produced surface-deep colors. Only immersion in a bromide-water solution could reverse this coloration.

canary yellow anglesite crystal - Morocco

Rob Lavinsky first suspected this canary yellow to colorless crystal from the late 1970s/early 1980s finds at Touissit to be a bleached specimen. (This treatment also produced orangey yellow colors). However, the colors of this anglesite crystal go through to the core, unlike those of surface treated material. These colors are, indeed, natural. 2.1 x 1.3 x 0.4 cm, Touissit, Oujda-Angad Province, Oriental Region, Morocco. © Rob Lavinsky, www.iRocks.com. Used with permission.

Where are Anglesites Found?

Although many localities across the globe can potentially yield gemmy crystals, only a few produce colorless and pale brown specimens.

Touissit, Morocco produces gem crystals in immense sizes for this species.

Tsumeb, Namibia produces large transparent yellowish crystals and, sometimes, gemmy colorless specimens.

Other notable gem-quality sources include:

  • United States: Arizona; Coeur d’Alene district, Idaho; New Mexico; Chester County, Pennsylvania; Tintic, Utah.
  • Broken Hill, N.S.W., Australia; Brazil; Germany; Sardinia, Italy; Chihuahua, Mexico; Russia; Slovenia; Dundas, Tasmania; Tunisia; England, Scotland, Wales, United Kingdom.
anglesites - Namibia and Mexico

Anglesites: Tsumeb, Namibia (4.6); Mexico (4.17). Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. Used with permission.

Stone Sizes

Faceted anglesites typically range from 1 to 6 carats. Very rarely does this material occur large enough to cut anything bigger than this. However, some rough, notably from Namibia and Morocco, has yielded 100+ carat gems. One such stone from Tsumeb, at 300 carats, broke during cutting!

  • Devonian Group (Calgary, Alberta, Canada): 88.75 (yellow, coffin-shaped triangle, Tsumeb, Namibia).
  • Royal Ontario Museum (Toronto, Ontario, Canada): 23.62 (colorless, step cut, Tsumeb).
  • National Museums of Canada (Ottawa, Ontario): 25.90 (yellow, scissors cut, Morocco).
  • Private Collections: 126 (light golden brown, Morocco); 73 (yellow-orange, cushion cut, Morocco); 63 (lemon yellow emerald cut, Morocco); 171.12 (medium orange, Morocco); 169 (oval, Morocco).

Angelsite Care

Clean anglesites with a soft brush, mild detergent, and warm water. For more care recommendations, consult our gemstone jewelry care guide.

faceted anglesite - Morocco

Anglesite: Morocco (6.99). Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. Used with permission.

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