Maximum Potential Shape

First, determine the maximum potential shape of your rough. This will simplify the rest of your decisions. For help with preforming your gem, read my article on the minimum cutting technique.

Brilliance

Brilliance is the goal of every faceter. After all, no one wants to spend that much energy on a lackluster gem. However, brilliance is one of the least understood principles of gemology. The term refers to how much light is reflected from the inside of a gem, expressed as a percentage. For example, a measurement of 86% means that 86% of the light entering the stone is returned to the viewer.

Ray tracing software, such as GemRay, can measure brilliance. Since some of these programs were created for the optical industry, when you apply them to gemstones they’re somewhat less than perfect. Nevertheless, they yield better data than a collection of subjective observations.

Refractive Index and Brilliance

There’s a direct relationship between the refractive index (RI) of a gem and how much brilliance it’s capable of displaying. An experienced gemologist can take a good guess at the identity of a stone by its brilliance. For example, a veteran jeweler looking at a commercial-cut…