Emerald Facet / Faceting Information


Emerald Facet / Faceting Information

Emerald (Beryl)

Emeralds/Green Beryl/emerald facet

Color: Green
Moh’s Hardness: 7.5-8
Refractive Index: 1.57-1.60
Critical Angle: 39.87°
Specific Gravity: 2.65-2.75
Cleavage: None
Fracture: Conchoidal, tough
Dispersion: .014
Heat Sensitivity: Yes, especially depending on treatments
Dichroism:Weak
Birefringence (double refraction): Weak (.006-.009)
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal

Treatments: Almost all Emeralds are treated to improve color and durability. Assume that any Emerald you see is treated. I personally do not agree with a lot of the Treatments used on Emeralds. Here is an article on Emerald treatments and my opinion on them.

Are all Emeralds treated and what is your opinion?

What I prefer to polishing with: Cerium oxide with a Spectra Ultralap.

Jeff’s Comments: I seldom cut Emeralds, most of the rough is low quality in my opinion and I do not like to cut oiled, or opticoned rough. If you want to cut some for the color, I suggest cutting man-made Emerald.

Design Notes: Mostly Emerald cuts and step cuts because the crystals are usually small long and narrow.

Design Links: Signature #4 – This is one of my favorite cuts in Beryl
Blue Ice – Designed for very long crystals

Gram Faceting Archive of Information
This edited version of an article by the late Jeff Graham is part of a special archived informational series from Gram Faceting. Used with permission.