Angles for Cutting Garnets

Cutting Garnets Merelani Mint Garnet
“Merelani Mint Garnet,” fancy shield shape cut, 1.54 cts, Tanzania. © Dan Stair Custom Gemstones. Used with permission.

I’ve had many questions about cutting garnets from new faceters. While my comments here are directed at garnet gemstones, the general principles I’m discussing apply to all highly color saturated gems.

Cutting Garnets Shallow

The color saturation of a gem is directly dependent on how long a distance light travels through it. This is the principle of selective absorption. You can easily darken the color of a gem by making it deeper. Or lighten it by keeping it shallow.

Just how shallow is the question here. Some garnets come in large sizes. You might need to play with the angles quite a bit. Most garnets have a refractive index (RI) between 1.74 (pyrope and grossular) and 1.8 (almandine and malaya). This gives them a critical angle

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