Malaya or Malaia Garnet Value, Price, and Jewelry Information

Barion octagon-cut malaia garnet, orangey red, 3.10 cts. © Dan Stair Custom Gemstones. Used with permission.

Malaia Garnet (Malaya Garnet)

Malaia or malaya garnets are typically light to dark, slightly pinkish orange, reddish orange, or yellowish orange in color. This a popular but rare garnet variety.

Malaia Garnet (Malaya Garnet) Value

Malaia garnet value increases as the tone lightens.

Although these gems were readily available in the 1970s, they have since become scarce, especially in large sizes.

For more information on quality and value factors for malaia garnets, consult our buying guide.

cushion-cut malaya garnet - Tanzania

Cushion-cut malaia garnet, Tanzania, 14.46 cts. This gem was cut from rough acquired in the late 1970s. Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. Used with permission.

The International Gem Society (IGS) has a list of businesses offering gemstone appraisal services.

Garnet Value via Gem Price Guide


Top Color: oR, R, PR, rP 6/4
Almandine All sizes
to /ct

Almandine/Pyrope Blend ("Mozambique")

Red-Brown Colors
"Mozambique" All sizes
to /ct

Rhodolite (Almandine/Pyrope Blend)

Fine Color: rP, PR 6/5
Rhodolite .5 to 1 carat 1 to 10 carats 10 carats plus
Faceted to /ct to /ct to /ct
Cabochons to /ct to /ct to /ct


Fine Color: G 5/4
Andradite All sizes
to /ct


Demantoid to 1 carat 1 to 3 carats
to ,200/ct to ,000/ct


Grossular .5 to 1 carat 1 to 5 carats 5 carats plus
Mint Green (Merelani) to /ct to /ct to /ct
Yellow/Orange to /ct to /ct to /ct
Yellow/Green to /ct to /ct to /ct
Other colors /ct /ct to /ct


Fine Color: yO 4/5
Hessonite Garnet All sizes
to /ct


Fine Color: G 6/5
Tsavorite .5 to 1 carat 1 to 2 carats 2 carats plus
Faceted to /ct to ,500/ct to ,000/ct

Mali Garnets (Andradite/Grossular Blend)

Mali Garnet All sizes
to /ct

Malaya (Malaia) Garnets

Malaya Garnet .5 to 1 carat 1 to 5 carats 5 carats plus
to /ct to /ct to /ct


Fine Color: R 6/5
Pyrope 1 carat plus

Chrome Pyrope

Chrome Pyrope All sizes
to /ct


Spessartite Reds .5 to 3 carats 3 to 6 carats
Little 3 Mine to ,000/ct to ,000/ct
African to /ct to /ct
Darker reds to /ct


Fine Color: O 4/5
Mandarin Orange All sizes
to ,200/ct


Uvarovite 10 carats plus
Druzy to /ct

Star Garnet

Star Garnet All sizes
6 ray star to /ct
4 ray star to /ct

Color Change

Color Change .5 to 1 carat 1 to 6 carats
Africa to ,500/ct to ,000/ct
US to /ct to /ct


Cabochons All Sizes
Common red to purple to /ct

Malaia Garnet (Malaya Garnet) Information

Data Value
Name Malaia Garnet (Malaya Garnet)
Is a Variety of Garnet
Alternate Common Names Malaya Garnet
Crystallography Isometric
Refractive Index 1.74–1.78
Colors Various shades of red, red-orange, orange, brownish orange, yellowish orange, peach, and pink.
Luster Vitreous
Polish Luster Vitreous
Hardness 7-7.5
Fracture Conchoidal
Specific Gravity 3.75-4.00
Birefringence None
Cleavage None
Dispersion 0.022-0.027
Transparency Transparent to opaque
Absorption Spectrum Absorption bands are always visible at 4100, 4210, and 4300 that may merge to form a cutoff at 4350. There may also be absorption bands at 4600, 4800, 5040, 5200, and 5370.
Phenomena Color change
Birthstone January
Formula A3B2Si3O12. A = Mn, Mg, Fe. B = Al, Fe, V, Cr.
Pleochroism None
Optics Isotropic. Some specimens may show anomalous birefringence.
Etymology From the Swahili word malaia, meaning “out of the family” or “outcast.”
Occurrence Alluvial deposits
Inclusions Rutile, pyrite, or apatite needles.
Malaia Garnet - Tanzania

Malaia Garnet: Tanzania (12.80, 11.39, 6.38 // 8.23, 8.56, 14.46). Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. Used with permission.


Garnets are a complicated family. The story of malaia or malaya garnet illustrates this well. Discovered in the 1960s in the Umba Valley in Tanzania, these pink gems were called malaia, Swahili for “out of the family.” Miners who were being paid to search for violet rhodolite literally set aside these finds. At that time, they didn’t fit into any known garnet varieties.

When malaia garnets came to the attention of the gem world in the 1970s, however, the outcast quickly became quite popular and valuable. Since then, new discoveries have revealed these gems occur in a wider range of colors than the pink that initially garnered so much attention.

What is a Malaia Garnet?

Popularity notwithstanding, these rare gems remain complicated. Currently, the name has two different uses. It’s a trade name for pyrope-spessartine garnets with light to slightly dark colors ranging from pink, pinkish orange, yellowish orange, orange, to red. It’s also a variety of pyralspite (a blend of pyrope, almandine, and spessartite garnets) with a very wide range of possible mixtures. Malaia garnets may consist of 0-83% pyrope, 2-78% almandine, 2-94% spessartite, and 0-24% grossular, with no more than 4% andradite.


3.59-ct pyrope-spessartine garnet, yellow with a hint of orange, likely a variety of malaia garnet. © All That Glitters. Used with permission.

Identifying Characteristics

Malaia garnet rough

Some malaia garnets may change colors under incandescent and fluorescent light. When faceted, they may also show scintillating red flashes due to the presence of chromium or vanadium.

This gem’s absorption spectrum and needle inclusions can also help distinguish them from other garnet varieties.


These gems aren’t usually enhanced or synthesized.


The Umba Valley in Tanzania, the first known source of malaia garnet, now rarely produces the material. The gemstone also occurs in Tunduro, Tanzania, as well as Kenya and Madagascar.

Stone Sizes

Stones larger than four carats are very rare.

One of the world’s largest malaia garnets, a 74.36-ct specimen. Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. Used with permission.

Trade Names

Light peach and pinkish orange malaias are sometimes marketed as “Imperial garnets.” Brownish, pinkish orange specimens from Madagascar with a high anomalous double refraction have been called “Imperial malaia garnet.” Tan, beige specimens are marketed as “Champagne garnet.”


With their high hardness, no cleavage, and excellent dispersion, malaia garnets are excellent stones for faceting and any type of jewelry use. For engagement ring design ideas, consult our garnet engagement ring guide.

However, take care when cleaning these gems and garnets in general. Inclusions may burst due to extreme heat or ultrasound and fracture the stone. Avoid mechanical cleaning systems and stick to a soft brush, mild detergent, and warm water, instead.

Consult our gemstone care guide and gemstone jewelry cleaning guide for more information.

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