Pyrope Value, Price, and Jewelry Information


pyrope garnet
By Parent Géry (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Pyrope comes from a Greek word meaning “fire like.” The common dark red garnets are a mixture of pyrope and almandine.

Pyrope Value

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Garnet Value via Gem Price Guide
Top Color: oR, R, PR, rP 6/4
Almandine All sizes
to /ct
Fine Color Andradite: G 5/4
Andradite All sizes
to /ct
Chrome Pyrope All sizes
to /ct
Color Change .5 to 1 carat 1 to 6 carats
Africa to /ct to /ct
US to /ct to /ct
Demantoid to 1 carat 1 to 3 carats
to /ct to ,000/ct
Grossular Garnet .5 to 1 carat 1 to 5 carats 5 carats plus
Mint Green (Merlani) to /ct to /ct to /ct
Yellow/Orange to /ct to /ct to /ct
Yellow/Green to /ct to /ct to /ct
Other colors /ct /ct to /ct
Fine Color Hessonite: yO 4/5
Hessonite Garnet All sizes
to /ct
Malaya Garnet .5 to 1 carat 1 to 5 carats 5 carats plus
to /ct to /ct to /ct
Mozambique All sizes
to /ct
Mali Garnet All sizes
to /ct
Fine Color Spessartite: O 4/5
Mandarin Orange All sizes
to /ct
Fine Color Pyrope: R 6/5
Pyrope 1 carat plus
/ct
Fine Color Rhodolite: rP, PR 6/5
Rhodolite .5 to 1 carat 1 to 10 carats 10 carats plus
Faceted to /ct to /ct to /ct
Cabochons to /ct to /ct to /ct
Spessartite Reds See Mandarin above .5 to 3 carats 3 to 6 carats
Little 3 Mine to /ct to /ct
African to /ct to /ct
Darker reds to /ct
Star Garnet All sizes
6 ray star to /ct
4 ray star to /ct
Fine Color Tsavorite: G 6/5
Tsavorite .5 to 1 carat 1 to 2 carats 2 carats plus
Faceted to /ct to /ct to ,000/ct
Uvarovite 10 carats plus
Druzy to /ct
Cabochons All Sizes
Common red to purple to /ct

See the entire Gem Price Guide.

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Pyrope Information

DataValue
NamePyrope
Is a Variety ofGarnet
VarietiesChrome Pyrope
Crystallography Isometric
Refractive Index 1.73 - 1.76
Hardness 7 - 7.5
Specific Gravity 3.65 - 3.87
Cleavage None
Dispersion 0.022
Stone SizesPyropes of large size are extremely rare. Stones over 1-2 carats are usually very dark. Many large gems are in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. There are stories about hen's-egg-sized gems in the former Imperial Treasury in Vienna. The Green Vaults of Dresden contain a huge gem said to be the size of a pigeon's egg. Reports of a 468.5 carat gem also appear in the literature.
Heat SensitivitySome
Luminescence None
Spectral The chromium spectrum of emission lines in the far red is absent in pyrope; however, the almandine (iron) spectrum is often visible. Otherwise, Cr masks the almandine spectrum and we see a narrow, weak doublet at 6870/685O, with possible weak lines at 6710 and 6500. A broad band, about 1000 Å wide, may be visible at 5700.
FormulaMg3Al2Si3O12

Pyrope comes from a Greek word meaning “fire like.” The common dark red garnets are a mixture of pyrope and almandine.

One popular garnet is chrome pyrope, whose color rivals ruby. These are found in Arizona, where ants bring them to the surface. Hence, they are dubbed, “ant hill garnets.” While their color is superb, they are very dark in tone. Gems are rarely faceted in sizes over one carat because of this.

A pure pyrope (end member in the series) is unknown in nature. Pyropes always contain some almandine and spessartine components. The almandine component can easily be detected spectroscopically. Large, clean pyropes of lively color are very rare and would be very expensive. Some pyropes show an interesting color change. Material from Norway (N= 1.747, S.G. = 3.715) is wine red in incandescent light, violet in daylight, but these stones are very small (about half a carat). Pyrope from the Umba Valley in East Africa (N= 1.757, S.G. = 3.816) are pyrope-spessartines (with some Ca and Ti); they are greenish blue in daylight and magenta in tungsten light. They have inclusions of plates of hematite and rutile needles. All these color-change pyrope-spessartines have absorption bands at 4100, 4210, and 4300 that may merge to form a cutoff at 4350. In stones with a strong change of color, a band at 5730 is broad and strong. Gems sold as pyrope are usually almandines with a pyrope component, especially if they are of large size. The pyropes from South Africa occur with diamonds, and sometimes pyrope crystals are inclusions within diamonds. The color of these is superb, blood red, but the sizes are always very small. Malaya is a variety of Pyrope-spessartine that varies in color from red, through shades of orange and brownish orange to peach and pink. Absorption bands are always visible at 4100,4210, and 4300 that may merge to form a cutoff at 4350. There may also be absorption bands at 4600, 4800, 5040, 5200, and 5370. These stones are only known from Tanzania

OPTICS: N= 1.730-1.766

INCLUSIONS: Pyrope contains small rounded crystals, circular snowballs of quartz crystals, and (from Arizona) octahedra and minute needles.

OCCURRENCE: In peridotites, kimberlites, and serpentine rocks, and sands and gravels derived from their weathering; also in eclogite and other basic igneous rocks.

Utah; New Mexico; Arkansas; North Carolina.

Czechoslovakia; Brazil; Argentina; Tanzania; Transbaikalia, USSR; Bingara, N.S.W, Australia: Anakie, Queensland, Australia; Ottery, Norway.

Arizona: a component of ant hills.

Umba Valley, East Africa: shows color change (see below)

South Africa: in kimberlite and eclogite associated with diamond; fine color

The best known pyrope is from near Trebnitz, Czechoslovakia, the so-called Bohemian garnets. The garnets occur in volcanic breccia and tuffs and conglomerates. These garnets provided a major local industry in the nineteenth Century, but the deposits are exhausted. An enormous quantity of pyrope from these mines was sold.