Pyrope Value, Price, and Jewelry Information

By Parent Géry (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Pyrope

Pyrope comes from a Greek word meaning “fire like.” The common dark red garnets are a mixture of pyrope and almandine.

Pyrope Value

The International Gem Society (IGS) has a list of businesses offering gemstone appraisal services.

Garnet Value via Gem Price Guide

Almandine

Top Color: oR, R, PR, rP 6/4
Almandine All sizes
to /ct

Almandine/Pyrope Blend ("Mozambique")

Red-Brown Colors
"Mozambique" All sizes
to /ct

Rhodolite (Almandine/Pyrope Blend)

Fine Color: rP, PR 6/5
Rhodolite .5 to 1 carat 1 to 10 carats 10 carats plus
Faceted to /ct to /ct to /ct
Cabochons to /ct to /ct to /ct

Andradite

Fine Color: G 5/4
Andradite All sizes
to /ct

Demantoid

Demantoid to 1 carat 1 to 3 carats
to /ct to ,000/ct

Grossular

Grossular .5 to 1 carat 1 to 5 carats 5 carats plus
Mint Green (Merelani) to /ct to /ct to /ct
Yellow/Orange to /ct to /ct to /ct
Yellow/Green to /ct to /ct to /ct
Other colors /ct /ct to /ct

Hessonite

Fine Color: yO 4/5
Hessonite Garnet All sizes
to /ct

Tsavorite

Fine Color: G 6/5
Tsavorite .5 to 1 carat 1 to 2 carats 2 carats plus
Faceted to /ct to /ct to ,000/ct

Mali Garnets (Andradite/Grossular Blend)

Mali Garnet All sizes
to /ct

Malaya (Malaia) Garnets

Malaya Garnet .5 to 1 carat 1 to 5 carats 5 carats plus
to /ct to /ct to /ct

Pyrope

Fine Color: R 6/5
Pyrope 1 carat plus
/ct

Chrome Pyrope

Chrome Pyrope All sizes
to /ct

Spessartite

Spessartite Reds .5 to 3 carats 3 to 6 carats
Little 3 Mine to /ct to /ct
African to /ct to /ct
Darker reds to /ct

Mandarin

Fine Color: O 4/5
Mandarin Orange All sizes
to /ct

Uvarovite

Uvarovite 10 carats plus
Druzy to /ct

Star Garnet

Star Garnet All sizes
6 ray star to /ct
4 ray star to /ct

Color Change

Color Change .5 to 1 carat 1 to 6 carats
Africa to /ct to /ct
US to /ct to /ct

Cabochons

Cabochons All Sizes
Common red to purple to /ct

Pyrope Information

Data Value
Name Pyrope
Is a Variety of Garnet
Varieties Chrome Pyrope
Crystallography Isometric.
Refractive Index 1.73-1.76
Colors Red.
Luster Vitreous.
Hardness 7-7.5
Fracture Conchoidal
Specific Gravity 3.65-3.87
Birefringence None.
Cleavage None
Dispersion 0.022
Stone Sizes Pyropes of large size are extremely rare. Stones over 1-2 carats are usually very dark. Many large gems are in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. There are stories about hen's-egg-sized gems in the former Imperial Treasury in Vienna. The Green Vaults of Dresden contain a huge gem said to be the size of a pigeon's egg. Reports of a 468.5 carat gem also appear in the literature.
Heat Sensitivity Some
Luminescence None.
Luminescence Present No
Transparency Transparent to opaque.
Absorption Spectrum The chromium spectrum of emission lines in the far red is absent in pyrope; however, the almandine (iron) spectrum is often visible. Otherwise, Cr masks the almandine spectrum and we see a narrow, weak doublet at 6870/685O, with possible weak lines at 6710 and 6500. A broad band, about 1000 Å wide, may be visible at 5700.
Phenomena Color change (rare).
Birthstone January.
Formula Mg3Al2Si3O12
Pleochroism None.
Optics Isotropic.

Pyrope comes from a Greek word meaning “fire like.” The common dark red garnets are a mixture of pyrope and almandine.

One popular garnet is chrome pyrope, whose color rivals ruby. These are found in Arizona, where ants bring them to the surface. Hence, they are dubbed, “ant hill garnets.” While their color is superb, they are very dark in tone. Gems are rarely faceted in sizes over one carat because of this.

A pure pyrope (end member in the series) is unknown in nature. Pyropes always contain some almandine and spessartine components. The almandine component can easily be detected spectroscopically. Large, clean pyropes of lively color are very rare and would be very expensive. Some pyropes show an interesting color change. Material from Norway (N= 1.747, S.G. = 3.715) is wine red in incandescent light, violet in daylight, but these stones are very small (about half a carat). Pyrope from the Umba Valley in East Africa (N= 1.757, S.G. = 3.816) are pyrope-spessartines (with some Ca and Ti); they are greenish blue in daylight and magenta in tungsten light. They have inclusions of plates of hematite and rutile needles. All these color-change pyrope-spessartines have absorption bands at 4100, 4210, and 4300 that may merge to form a cutoff at 4350. In stones with a strong change of color, a band at 5730 is broad and strong. Gems sold as pyrope are usually almandines with a pyrope component, especially if they are of large size. The pyropes from South Africa occur with diamonds, and sometimes pyrope crystals are inclusions within diamonds. The color of these is superb, blood red, but the sizes are always very small. Malaya is a variety of Pyrope-spessartine that varies in color from red, through shades of orange and brownish orange to peach and pink. Absorption bands are always visible at 4100,4210, and 4300 that may merge to form a cutoff at 4350. There may also be absorption bands at 4600, 4800, 5040, 5200, and 5370. These stones are only known from Tanzania

OPTICS: N= 1.730-1.766

INCLUSIONS: Pyrope contains small rounded crystals, circular snowballs of quartz crystals, and (from Arizona) octahedra and minute needles.

OCCURRENCE: In peridotites, kimberlites, and serpentine rocks, and sands and gravels derived from their weathering; also in eclogite and other basic igneous rocks.

Utah; New Mexico; Arkansas; North Carolina.

Czechoslovakia; Brazil; Argentina; Tanzania; Transbaikalia, USSR; Bingara, N.S.W, Australia: Anakie, Queensland, Australia; Ottery, Norway; India.

Arizona: a component of ant hills.

Umba Valley, East Africa: shows color change (see below)

South Africa: in kimberlite and eclogite associated with diamond; fine color

The best known pyrope is from near Trebnitz, Czechoslovakia, the so-called Bohemian garnets. The garnets occur in volcanic breccia and tuffs and conglomerates. These garnets provided a major local industry in the nineteenth Century, but the deposits are exhausted. An enormous quantity of pyrope from these mines was sold.

 

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