Uvarovite Garnet Value, Price, and Jewelry Information

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Sterling silver Gretel ring with natural uvarovite garnet. Collection inspired by the tale of “Hansel and Gretel.” Uvarovite size: 10 x 10 mm. © Marta Oms, Jeweler & Gemologist, Barcelona. Used with permission.

Always a dark, rich green color, uvarovite is one of the rarest members of the garnet family. Usually only seen as druzy on matrix, these crystals are seldom faceted.

Uvarovite Garnet Value

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Almandine Garnet - Top Color: oR, R, PR, rP 6/4

All Sizes
Almandine
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Almandine/Pyrope Garnet Blend (Mozambique) - Red-Brown Colors

All Sizes
Mozambique
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Rhodolite (Almandine/Pyrope Blend) - Fine Color: rP, PR 6/5

.5 to 1 carat
Faceted
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Cabochons
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1 to 10 carats
Faceted
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Cabochons
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10 carats plus
Faceted
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Cabochons
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Andradite - Fine Color: G 5/4

All Sizes
Andradite
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Demantoid Garnet

to 1 carat
Demantoid
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1 to 3 carats
Demantoid
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Grossular Garnet

.5 to 1 carat
Mint Green (Merelani)
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Yellow/Orange
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Yellow/Green
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Other Colors
/ct
1 to 5 carats
Mint Green (Merelani)
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Yellow/Orange
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Yellow/Green
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Other Colors
/ct to /ct
5 carats plus
Mint Green (Merelani)
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Yellow/Orange
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Yellow/Green
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Other Colors

Hessonite Garnet - Fine Color: yO 4/5

All Sizes
Hessonite Garnet
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Tsavorite Garnet - Fine Color: G 6/5

.5 to 1 carat
Tsavorite
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1 to 2 carats
Tsavorite
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2 carats plus
Tsavorite
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Mali Garnet (Andradite/Grossular Blend)

All Sizes
Mali Garnet
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Malaya (Malaia) Garnets

.5 to 1 carat
Malaya (Malaia) Garnets
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1 to 5 carats
Malaya (Malaia) Garnets
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5 carats plus
Malaya (Malaia) Garnets
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Pyrope - Fine Color: R 6/5

1 carat plus
Pyrope
/ct

Chrome Pyrope

All Sizes
Chrome Pyrope
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Spessartite Reds

.5 to 3 carats
Little 3 Mine
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African
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Darker reds
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3 to 6 carats
Little 3 Mine
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African
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Darker reds

Mandarin Garnet - Orange - Fine Color: O 4/5

All Sizes
Mandarin Orange
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Uvarovite

10 carats plus
Druzy
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Star Garnet

All Sizes
4 Ray Star
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6 Ray Star
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Color Change Garnet

.5 to 1 carat
Africa
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United States
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1 to 6 carats
Africa
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United States
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Cabochons

All Sizes
Common Red to Purple
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For information on quality factors for uvarovites and other garnets, consult our garnet buying guide.

Uvarovite Garnet Information

Data Value
Name Uvarovite Garnet
Is a Variety of Garnet
Heat Sensitivity Some
Formula Ca3Cr2Si3O12
Etymology Named after Count S. S. Uvarov, (1765-1855), mineral collector and president of the St. Petersburg Academy.
Occurrence Chromites and serpentines, that is, metamorphic environments where both Ca and Cr are present.
Colors Dark, rich green.
Fracture Conchoidal
Hardness 6.5-7.5
Cleavage None
Crystallography Isometric, but specimens with other crystal symmetry may occur. See "Identifying Characteristics" below.
Refractive Index 1.74-1.87
Birefringence Usually none, but some specimens may be birefringent. See "Identifying Characteristics" below.
Dispersion 0.014-0.021
Pleochroism None.
Optics N = 1.74-1.87. May show anomalous birefringence, and some gems may actually be birefringent. See "Identifying Characteristics" below.
Luster Vitreous.
Specific Gravity 3.40- 3.80 (usually 3.71-3.77)
Transparency Transparent to opaque.
Birthstone January
freeform faceted uvarovite - Finland

“Freeform-Cut Uvarovite,” 6.4 x 4.5 mm, 0.44 cts, Outokumpu, Finland. © Rob Lavinsky, www.iRocks.com. Used with permission. (Photos grouped to show views from different angles).

Comments

Since uvarovite crystals are usually opaque, only small corners of larger crystals have the transparency needed for faceting. Faceted pieces hardly ever exceed one carat in weight. Since these garnets are so rare, a cut specimen of any size would make a coveted prize for a collector.

It’s a shame that these garnets with emerald-like deep green color are so rarely found. Faceted uvarovites would make wonderful jewelry stones. However, uvarovite druzy specimens have also been used in beautiful raw stone designs.

Uvarovite - Russia

“Garnet, Var. Uvarovite,” Saranovskii Mine, Saranovskaya Village, Gornoazavodskii area, Permskaya Oblast, Middle Urals, Urals Region, Russia. (Type Locality). Photo by Géry Parent. Public Domain.

Identifying Characteristics

Distinguishing Deep Green Garnets

Just like many emeralds, uvarovites also get their color from chromium (Cr). However, other garnet species also contain chromium, such as demantoid (andradite) and some tsavorite (grossular). These fellow garnets also share their deep green color range.

Demantoid’s specific gravity (3.82-3.88) exceeds that of uvarovite (3.40-3.80, usually 3.71-3.77). Tsavorites and uvarovites have just a slight overlap of refractive index ranges (1.72-1.744 and 1.74-1.87, respectively).

Birefringent Uvarovite

Although garnets are isometric, their optical properties can vary based on their chemistry. The presence of a large Ca (calcium) atom in uvarovite may make some specimens birefringent. This may be due to strain or symmetry reduction. Monoclinic, orthorhombic, and triclinic symmetry does occur in natural uvarovites.

Synthetics

Synthetic uvarovite has been used to study garnet series. Scientists have also synthesized uvarovite crystals via the flux method as part of the study of the natural birefringence mentioned previously. However, there is no known jewelry use of this material.

For information on other synthetic garnets, see the “Synthetics” section of our main garnet gem listing.

Enhancements

No known enhancements.

Sources

The best known source of gem-quality uvarovites, Outokumpu, Finland produces large, fine green crystals.

Other notable sources include

  • United States: Northern California (in chromite deposits); Oregon.
  • Afghanistan; Thetford, Quebec, Canada; China; Norway; Russia (fine crystals); South Africa.
uvarovite - Afghanistan

An unusually large uvarovite garnet crystal, 2.1 x 1.9 x 1.2 cm, from Laghman (Lagman; Nuristan) Province, Afghanistan. © Rob Lavinsky, www.iRocks.com. Used with permission.

Stone Sizes

Even though crystals may reach a size of 1-2 inches, the occasional piece with a transparent corner would likely yield a faceted gem of less than a carat.

Care

Uvarovites have no cleavage and a hardness of 6.5 to 7.5. Thus, faceted specimens would make durable jewelry stones. However, garnets do have heat sensitivity. So, whether your gems belong in a mineral collection or jewelry box, clean them with warm water, detergent, and a soft brush.

Due to the small size of the finished gems, recommended cuts for uvarovites include freeform designs and shallow checkerboards.

Druzy uvarovites should first be cleaned carefully with compressed air. Brush carefully, since physical contact can knock loose some crystals from their matrix. Druzy pieces that have smaller crystals and little or no exposed matrix will make more durable jewelry stones.

Consult our gemstone jewelry cleaning guide for more recommendations.

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