Freeform Gems - Carved Gold in Quartz

“’Bison’ Gold in Quartz,” crystallized gold in quartz carved by Gerard Becker, by greyloch is licensed under CC By-SA 2.0

Gemstone carving techniques are relatively simple. However, you need plenty of practice to execute these skills well. I’ve emphasized simple designs, even when illustrating advanced techniques, because you can complete them relatively quickly. (And, if you practice on your leftover rough, you might even squeeze some value out of otherwise unsellable pieces). You’re not limited just to carving cabochons, however. Stones can be worked into almost any shape. Freeform gems can be very appealing. Not every stone is enhanced by elaborate lapidary work.

If you’re looking for simple design ideas, look at the native shapes of your gems and transform them in your mind’s eye into practical household objects. Their colors and patterns will add beauty and interest to them. You can also let your imagination take over and visualize freeform gems as jewelry pieces or stand-alone carvings.

Freeform Gems As Useful Items

The useful items that can be made from stone are almost limitless. Take a look around your home and imagine what small utilitarian objects could be re-done as freeform gems.


Nothing is simpler to carve than a paperweight. Take any nice looking mineral, shape to suit your fancy, and polish it.  Here’s a beautiful paperweight I carved with minimal work. At first, this quartz and pyrite piece in my scrap box was one of the ugliest stones imaginable. Now, I’m proud of this specimen. I started working with it just to see what could be done with it. As I got into the stone, I found layers of gold interspersed with the pyrite. The challenge was to finish shaping and polishing it, without removing any more gold than absolutely necessary. The lesson here is to keep it simple. In most cases, doing the minimum to enhance a stone is better than trying for something elaborate. This is especially so if you’re just learning.

Freeform Gems - Quartz and Pyrite Paperweight

Custom Carved Pulls

If you have lights with pull cords, you can create a custom pull. Briolette shapes are traditionally used for pulls (whether they’re gems or other material). However, you can adapt most cab shapes for this purpose. Even a simple quartz crystal will make an excellent pull if it’s drilled or has a groove cut around the end to attach the cord.

German lapidaries are fond of making doorknobs and drawer pulls from agate. They can add a nice touch to your entryway or custom furniture.

Freeform Gems As Jewelry

Ear jackets are a type of jewelry well suited for freeform gems. They’re small and simple carving projects. A flower cut from colorless quartz makes a beautiful accent. A flower cut from colorful lapis lazuli or ruby takes on another dimension. This pair of ear jackets was cut from a piece of yellow and orange agate. They are shown here with sapphire and pearl to demonstrate their versatility.

Freeform Gems - Carved Agate Ear Jackets

These were cut primarily with cabbing techniques. Carving tools were used to create a depression for resting the earring. This is important, since the post needs to go through both the ear jacket and the wearer’s ear. The ear jacket must be thin enough to be worn comfortably.

Freeform Gems As Stand-Alone Carvings

Not every gem has to be a utilitarian object or a jewelry piece. Some carvings are created simply for their beauty. These freeform gems are classed as stand-alone carvings.  Frequently, these are stunning likenesses of people, animals, or common objects.  However, they don’t need to be representational or even complex.

Here are two examples that show how varied yet simple a stand-alone carving can be. The piece on the left is lapis cut for maximum yield. Accents were then added for interest. The piece on the right is a particularly attractive piece of banded agate with some druzy crystals on the end. The carving simply follows the natural pattern in the stone, enhancing both the color and the pattern. There is no way to set this stone. Nevertheless, I’m very happy to have this little jewel in my display cabinet.

Freeform Gems - Lapis and Agate Stand-Alone Carvings

These freeform gems were cut for competition. Both won top awards.