Kyanite Value, Price, and Jewelry Information

KYANITE: Brazil (4.55, 7.80). Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. Used with permission.

Kyanite

Kyanite is very rare as a faceted gem, especially if free from inclusions and flaws. The material is extremely difficult to cut because of its perfect cleavage and the extreme variability in hardness in different directions in the same crystal. A few catseye kyanites are known to exist.

Kyanite Information

Data Value
Name Kyanite
Colors Blue, blue-green, green; also white, gray, yellow, pink, nearly black. Color zoned in individual crystals.
Hardness 4-7.5; varies with direction in single crystals.
Fracture Splintery
Cleavage Perfect 1 direction
Stone Sizes Gems have been cut up to about 20 carats: they are seldom completely clean over 5 carats, however Many of these stones are Brazilian; some are African. Smithsonian Institution (Washington, D.C): 10.7 (blue, Brazil): 9.1 Igreen. Brazil); 4 9 iblue, Tanzania). Private Collection: 6.57 (blue-green, North Carolina). Devonian Group (Calgary, Alberta, Canada): 14.0 (blue, Africai; 8.55 (bluish. Africa\. Royal Ontario Museum (Toronto, Ontario, Canada): 40.26, 12.38 (rectangular step-cut, Brazil.
Formula Ak2SiO5.
Crystallography Triclinic. Crystals bladed, flattened and elongated; fibrous, massive.
Refractive Index 1.710-1.753
Birefringence 0.017 (Cr-kyanite up to 0.033).
Dispersion 0.020.
Luminescence Variable fluorescence, mostly dim red in LW.
Luminescence Present Yes
Luminescence Type Fluorescent, UV-Long
Absorption Spectrum One line observed in deep red at 7100 and 2 lines in deep blue, with dark edge at about 6000.
Pleochroism Pronounced: violet-blue/colorless/cobalt blue. Also pleochroic in all shades of yellow-green and green.
Optics a = 1.710-1.718; β = 1.721-1.723; γ = 1.727-1.734. Cr-kyanite: a = 1.714; β = 1.724; γ = 1.731; birefringence = 0.017; S.G.=3.67 birefringence = 0.017. a = 1.720; β = 1.730; γ = 1.753; birefringence = 0.033. Biaxial (-), 2V= 82-83°.
Optic Sign Biaxial -
Luster Vitreous: pearly on cleavage.
Specific Gravity 3.53-3.68; gems usually upper end of range. Cr-kyanite = 3.67-3.70.
Transparency Transparent to translucent.
Phenomena Chatoyancy (rare), color change.

Trimorphous with Andalusite, Sillimanite.

Optics: a = 1.710-1.718; β = 1.721-1.723; γ= 1.727-1.734.

Cr-kyanite: a = 1.714; β= 1.724; γ= 1.731; birefringence = 0.017; S.G.=3.67 birefringence = 0.017: S.G. = 3.67.

a = 1.720;,β= 1.730; γ= 1.753; birefringence = 0.033; S.G. = 3.70.

Biaxial ( – ), 2V= 82-83°.

Occurrence: in schists, gneiss, and granite pegmatites. Many localities are known.

Various places in the United States, especially Yancy County, North Carolina: deep blue or green crystals, up to 2 inches long, some facetable.

Vermont; Connecticut; Virginia; Georgia; Massachusetts. Mozambique: dark blue, with Cr and Ti.

India; Italy.

Brazil: large blue and blue-green crystals.

Machakos District, Kenya: large blue crystals, banded with green; also colorless!

Switzerland: with staurolite in schist.

Kenya: fine blue color, facetable.

Comments: Kyanite is very rare as a faceted gem, especially if free from inclusions and flaws. The material is extremely difficult to cut because of its perfect cleavage and the extreme variability in hardness in different directions in the same crystal. A few catseye kyanites are known to exist.

Name: From the Greek kyanos, meaning blue.